John Baylor III was a wealthy
planter and one of the most significant importers and breeders of thoroughbred horses
in pre-Revolutionary America. The son of a slave dealer described by Robert "King" Carter as "the greatest merchant in
our country," Baylor was educated in England and, upon his return to Virginia, granted land along
the Mattaponi River, where he
built his estate, Newmarket. He represented Caroline County in the House of Burgesses (1742–1752; 1756–1765) and. . .
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