The Virginia State Baptist Convention began in 1867 to support the
formation and operation of black churches independent of white Baptist governance. A
marginal group in the late colonial period, Baptists succeeded in converting slave
and slave-masters alike so that by the middle of the nineteenth century Baptists had
become a majority religious tradition in Virginia. There were at least six
"independent" black congregations in the commonwealth at the beginning of the Am. . .
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