Armistead S. Nickens represented Lancaster County in the House of Delegates for two terms (1871–1875). Born into a free
family, Nickens became prosperous enough by the end of the American Civil War (1861–1865) that
the local agent of the Freedmen's Bureau listed him as a respectable citizen capable of holding public
office. Nickens won his first term in 1871, becoming the first African
American elected official in county history. He gained a second term in 1873 by a
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